Time perception, rhythm entrainment, and rhythm maintenance

Our sensory perceptions and motor actions unfold through time and space. Thus, adaptive behavioral responses benefit from our ability to extract temporal regularities within a constantly changing environment.

Visual metronome taskImage taken from Cadena-Valencia et al. Elife 2018

In one of our behavioral tasks, subjects have to synchronize to a visual rhythm and then maintain that rhythm internally for a variable period of time. We use this task to identify the neuronal signals that underlie our ability to keep rhythms of different tempos in the absence of movements.